Class/Course - Bank Clerk
Subject - English
Total Number of Question/s - 3175
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1. Mixed Topic - Quiz
1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
Education should not compete with national defence, trade deficit, drugs or AIDS. Instead, think of it as a solution to those problems, stated David Kearns, Chairman of the giant Xerox Corporation, a few years ago. A good school or college should have a well-stocked library which is a treasurehouse of knowledge. Unfortunately, barring exceptions, libraries are places where some unwanted books gather dust. There is no time, either for the teachers or the students, to make use of these books which could enlarge their horizon. No wonder then that the school or college management invests little in libraries. Moreover, the staff which is supposed to maintain these are not trained in library management, but there is only an ad hoc arrangement to make some reluctant teacher or staff in-charge, as a mere formality.
Contrast the above to the situation prevailing in advanced countries, such as the US, where school, college or public libraries are considered temples of knowledge. Funds are lavishly invested in infrastructure, providing wellventilated and lighted rooms and halls where books, magazines and newspapers can be easily accessed. Most of these are air-conditioned, to make the time spent in browsing books as pleasant as possible. Strict silence is maintained and no eatables are allowed inside. There are a number of individual kiosks complete with table, light and computer where one can sit and study. The librarians, mostly part-time students, are trained and are helpful. Long hours of business is the norm. The college libraries are open most of the time, even on holidays, and work late hours during semester. Borrowed books, magazines and CDs can be dropped into boxes placed outside.
With the Internet culture seeping into our educational milieu, the time has come for upgrading the school and college libraries which will entice more students to make use of these. There is no substitute, as yet, to the vast print medium and the students could profit by utilising the library facilities. More funds should be allocated to equip the libraries with the latest books and magazines so that browsing of books in the library becomes a habit with at least college students, which is the norm in advanced countries. Librarians should also get a better deal compared to the present status.
The author of the passage views Internet as a challenge
a) to the students
b) to schooling
c) to our culture
d) to the relevance of books and magazines
2. Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Education is perhaps the most vital requirement for inclusive growth, empowering individuals and society, opening up opportuníties and promoting trué public participation in the development process. It is an important factor fhat fuels both social change and economic growth.
India is actively pushing forward its agenda for revamping and restructuring education in the country. Thanks to schemes like the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Midday Meal Schemes, enrolment rates in schools have gone up, as have the number of schools. Right to Education is now a fundamental right of all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years. In simple words, it means that the government will be responsible for providing education to every child up to eighth standard, free of cost, irrespective of his class and gender. It has, thus, paved the way for building a strong literate and empowered society in this country.
However, the realisation of this objective is not going to be very easy, not when the school system in the country, especially that in rural areas, continues to be plagued by problems of poor infrastructure, shortage of teachers, their lack of training and motivation besides poverty and livelihood issues that are responsible for the huge drop-out rates. It is estimated that there is a shortage of nearly five lakh teachers, while about three lakh of them are untrained at the elementary school stage. Over 53 per cent of schools have a studentteacher ratio much poorer than the 1:30 prescribed under the Act. About 46 per cent schools do not have toilets for girls, which is another reason why parents do not send girl children to schools.
However, if our track records in literacy is an indication, we can be quite hopeful of achieving the target of providing school education to all our children. A 65 per cent literacy rate in 2001 from a mere 14 per cent in 1947 is a record established with a lot of vision and hard work — a record we can be justifiably proud of. Indias commitment to provide compulsory education to nearly 22 crore children between the ages of 6 to 14 years is evident in schemes like those providing rural children with stipends, free unifórms and text books, mid-day meals and special attention to education of the girl child. While issues of equity, quality and access remain areas of concern, particularly in rural schools, rapid efforts are being made to address them effectively and in a sustained manner.
By enacting the Right to Education, India now joins a select few countries in the world where education is a fundamental right. Education is the surest route to development. It will transform the whole society and the gains of such a development will be inclusive and widespread.
What is the rate of growth of literacy from 1947 to 2001 ?